Psychology

PSY 100 Introduction to Psychology 3 SH
An introductory survey course covering the major topics of psychology. Areas included are: history, human development, physiology, perception, motivation, learning, individual differences, personality, and social and personal adjustment. Every semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 120 First Year Seminar: Getting the College Edge 3 SH
Using a small class environment and focusing on an academic theme, this elective 3 credit-hour course will provide students with valuable information and strategies on how to study, take notes, manage time, prepare for exams and navigate the university. By means of a variety of assignments, students will develop academic and learning skills that are universally expected of educated persons: critical thinking, reading with insight, working cooperatively with other students, conducting research, writing and speaking clearly. Open to first and second semester WCSU freshman. Cannot be used to meet the general education social and behavioral science requirement and cannot be used to meet the requirements for the psychology major or minor.

PSY 201 Principles of Research in Psychology 3 SH
The course will deal with concepts, strategies/ methodologies and ethics of psychological research. Students will be introduced to experimental designs employed in psychological research as well as to descriptive statistical procedures. Prerequisite: PSY 100 and MAT 100 or appropriate score on WCSU math placement test. Every semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 202 Abnormal Psychology 3 SH
The course scrutinizes all major forms of psychopathology listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. Syndromes will be evaluated with regard to etiology, symptomology and treatment. Representative research on all syndromes will be discussed. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Every semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 203 Clinical Psychology 3 SH
A course which focuses on theories, diagnostic techniques and treatment modalities in the field of clinical psychology. Consideration will also be given to social, legal and philosophical issues in the assessment and treatment of mental illness as well as in problems of daily living. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Every semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 204 Psychological Statistics 3 SH
The course will cover inferential statistical procedures employed in psychological research. Emphasis will be on teaching students the appropriate statistical test to employ for a given experimental design. Prerequisite: PSY 100 and PSY 201. Every semester. Course requires registration permission from the department. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 205 Social Psychology 3 SH
The study of human behavior as affected by social stimulus variables. The course is experimentally oriented and covers such topics as: attitudes; interpersonal perception and attraction; attributions; and structure and dynamics of groups and social motivations (e.g., affiliation, aggression, conformity, altruism, obedience, etc.) Prerequisite: PSY 100. Every semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 206 Industrial Psychology 3 SH
An introductory course stressing social, psychological and cultural aspects of personnel relations in industry, leadership styles, training techniques, testing methods and other related topics. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Fall semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 208 Environmental Psychology 3 SH
The relationship between the spatial needs of human beings and the structure of their physical environment. Special attention is given to the phylogenetic analysis of spatial needs; theories of spatial behavior; assessment techniques and methodologies of environmental psychology; and practical implications for structuring human environments. Studies will be conducted both inside and outside the classroom to give the student firsthand research experience. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Spring semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 209 Social Psychology and the Law 3 SH
An applied course in social psychology in which various stages of the legal process will be examined from a social psychological perspective. Research and theories from areas such as person-perception, attribution, impression management, decision making and social influence will be applied to such issues as arrest, interrogation, eyewitness testimony, trial by jury and correction. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Alternate fall semesters. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 210 Child Psychology 3 SH
The major theories and research findings in child psychology are emphasized. Major topics include: hereditary and environmental influence; the growth and measurement of intelligence, development of the self; family and peer influence, and the child in school. A brief summary of puberty and adolescence is also covered. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Not open to students who have taken EPY 203. Every semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 211 Adolescent Psychology 3 SH
Following a brief summary of child psychology, theories and research on adolescent psychology will be examined. Emphasis will be placed on socialization, the role of peers, attitude change, moral development, personality adjustments and allied areas. Inter-and intracultural effects will be considered in relation to the physical and psychological growth of the adolescent. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Not open to students who have taken EPY 204. Every semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 215 Psychology of Personality 3 SH
A systematic study of the development of personality from infancy through adulthood. The contributions of the major theorists are discussed and evaluated in relation to current research studies. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Every semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY/WS 217 Psychology of Women 3 SH
An investigation of the behaviors of women from various perspectives, such as physiological, psychoanalytic, social learning and cognitive points of view. The course is designed for persons who recognize the changing roles of women in our society and who wish to examine the psychological theories and research surrounding female development and behavior. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Every semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 218 Principles of Behavior Modification 3 SH
The student will become familiar with a series of learning and cognitive restructuring techniques which can be used to reach behavioral goals in such situations as the home, school, mental institution and mental health clinic. Behavioral treatment of such problems as anxiety, obesity, depression, social skills deficiencies and sexual dysfunctions will be studied. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Spring semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 219 Psychology of Men 3 SH
This course will examine the basic issues that confront men today. Biological, psychological and environmental forces which govern some of the new roles played by men will also be considered. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Spring semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 220 Psychology of Learning 3 SH
A survey of principles and theories of learning with emphasis upon the implications for human learning. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Fall semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 222 The Adult Years 3 SH
A review of evidence bearing upon the nature, extent and implications of changes and constancies in human functioning during the period of maturity, beginning with the end of adolescence and ending with death. Emphasis will be placed on the special ambitions, dreams, stresses, value orientations, successes and failures of adulthood. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Fall semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 225 Experimental Psychology I 3 SH
This is a lecture and laboratory course that provides an introduction to the way in which the scientific method is applied in several content areas in psychology. As a result of this course, students will develop skills used throughout the entire research process. Students will (1) conduct literature searches using CD-ROM databases, (2) critically evaluate journal articles, (3) design studies (including formulating the research question, stating the research hypotheses, and selecting an instrument or tool for data collection), (4) employ a departmental computerized statistical package in analyzing class data and (5) write several research reports using the guidelines of the American Psychological Association. Prerequisite: PSY 100, 201 and 204. Every semester. Course requires registration permission from the department.

PSY 230 Physiological Psychology 3 SH
A course designed to acquaint the student with the relationships between physiological mechanisms and behavior, i.e., to explain psychological functioning in terms of bodily structure. Attention is being given to the structure and function of neurons, muscle and skeletal tissue with emphasis on both sensory and motor behavior. The coordinating functions of the central nervous system are emphasized. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Fall semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 232 History of Psychology 3 SH
An introduction to the intellectual roots of contemporary scientific psychology in which students learn about the methods, concepts, theories and facts that make up the history of psychology by examining the philosophical antecedents of scientific psychology, the rise of scientific psychology and the classical schools of psychological thought (e.g., structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, neobehaviorism, gestalt psychology). Prerequisite: PSY 100. Alternate fall semesters. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 234 Psychological and Educational Testing 3 SH
A background course covering the development of the testing movement, individual differences, individual and group testing, test construction and the present state of the field. Individual and group tests are demonstrated and certain collateral tools such as scaling methods, item analysis, profile interpretation, and the theory of difference scores are studied. Emphasis is also placed on construction of achievement tests for classroom use. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Spring semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 236 Anomalistic Psychology 3 SH
A course evaluating behavioral and experiential phenomena that have traditionally seemed to constitute violations of the basic principles of science. Emphasis is put on critically evaluating the literature on extraordinary psychophysiological phenomena (such as healing and pain control) as well as anomalies of memory, perception and parapsychological phenomena (such as telepathy, clairvoyance, precognition and psychokinesis). Such evaluations will include a rigorous examination of the methodological problems encountered in these areas of investigation and will consider the various explanations that have been suggested for such behaviors/phenomena. Prerequisite: PSY 100. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 241 Child Psychopathology 3 SH
Discussions of etiology, classification and treatment systems of developing children who exhibit a variety of psychopathological disorders ranging from transitory nightmares to psychosis. Theoretical frames of reference will be considered as they influence evaluation, etiological models and treatment approaches. Prerequisite: PSY 100. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 245 Psychology of Creativity 3 SH
A survey of current knowledge about the creative person, the creative process and the creative product. Students will be urged to conduct an empirical study during the semester. Prerequisite: PSY 100. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 246 The Development of Morality: Psychological and Social Aspects 3 SH
An overview of moral development throughout the life-span. This course emphasizes theories and current psychological research, as well as influences on moral development. Among the topics discussed are approaches to promoting moral development, moral education, and the gap between moral reasoning and behavior. Prerequisite: PSY 100. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 250 Psychology of Perception 3 SH
A survey of theories, issues and research concerning sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch, temperature, cause and effect, movement and time perception. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Spring semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 251 Psychology of Cognition 3 SH
Designed to introduce the student to theories, issues and research in such cognitive areas as thinking, memory, attention, problem-solving, concept formation, creativity, language and imagination. Prerequisite: PSY 100. Spring semester. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 252 Cognitive Neuropsychology 3 SH
A woman no longer recognizes faces, including her own, but does recognize other objects. A man ignores one side of his body, but appears normal in all other respects. How can these and other similar cases help us understand how the brain works? One approach is to study the pattern of cognitive impairments among a unique group of people-brain-damaged individuals-and to infer normal brain structure and function on the basis of these impairments. Issues will be addressed in a variety of domains, among them: memory, language, visual information processing and emotion. In addition, special topics will be discussed; for example, gender differences in brains and the relationship of brain damage to psychosis. The goal will be to construct a plausible theory of how the normal brain processes information. Prerequisite: PSY 100. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 260 Health Psychology 3 SH
Health psychology is the application of the science of psychology to the promotion and maintenance of health. A biopsychosocial model of human behavior is presented which explores the development of both healthy behaviors such as exercise and stress management and risk-compromising behaviors such as smoking, drug abuse, unhealthy eating, and dangerous sexual behavior. Topics covered include stress and coping; pain management; psychological factors in managing chronic and terminal illness; psychoneuroimmunology; and the psychology of lifestyle interventions aimed at preventing diseases such as heart disease, hypertension, stroke and diabetes. Prerequisite: PSY 100. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 262 Sports Psychology 3 SH
This course presents a comprehensive overview of the field of sport psychology, including the history of the field, major theories, research methods, and current issues. Various perspectives are offered, including developmental, systems, and cognitive-behavioral views of the psychology of sport and of athletic participation. Topics covered include motivation, stress and anxiety, competition, teamwork, leadership, communication, student-athletes, self-regulation of performance, imagery skills, concentration, goal-setting behavior, coping with athletic injuries, burnout and overtraining, drug and alcohol abuse, eating disorders, aggression, and sportsmanship and character development. Prerequisite: PSY 100. General Education: Behavioral Science.

PSY 290 Guided Readings in Psychology 1-3 SH
Readings will be assigned to the individual student in terms of the student's background, interests and his/her specific goals in the field of psychology. Each student must obtain a faculty member to supervise and evaluate his/her performance. Prerequisite: PSY 100; if the instructor believes that other courses are necessary for the student to implement the semester's work, the instructor will designate such courses; students must receive the permission of the department prior to registering for this course. Every semester.

PSY 291 Practicum in Psychology 1-3 SH
A course which allows the student to obtain practical experience in the field of psychology. An activity such as working under supervision in a community agency is representative of the types of experiences acceptable for credit in this course. The student will work under the supervision of an instructor in the psychology department on an individual basis. Not more than three hours of this course may be used toward the psychology major. Prerequisite: PSY 100. If the practicum involves the content of a specific course(s), the instructor may stipulate additional prerequisite. Students must receive the permission of the department prior to registering for this course. Every semester.

PSY 292 Substance Abuse Counseling: Assessment and Counseling 4 SH
This course provides four hours of academic credit and is divided into four equal parts. The first two parts concern the assessment of substance abuse and treatment planning. This will include: reviews of the prevalence and etiology of substance abuse, the assessment of substance abuse by interviews and psychometric instruments, individual differences among substance abusers, comorbidity, the determination of the level of care necessary for substance abusers, and assessments of patients' readiness to change. The third and fourth parts will address these issues in assessment and treatment planning with adolescents and children, and ethnic minorities. Prerequisite: PSY 100 and 202.

PSY 293 Substance Abuse Counseling: Drugs and Behavior 4 SH
This course provides four hours of academic credit and is divided into six equal parts. The first two parts will concern the pharmacology of the classes of psychoactive substances and of the most commonly used substances within each class. This discussion will also address tolerance, withdrawal, and protocol for detoxification from psychoactive substances. The third part will focus on HIV/AIDS, especially within populations of substance abusers. The fourth part will be devoted to the ethical requirements for substance abuse counselors. The fifth and sixth parts will be devoted to studying counseling that is consistent with the traditions of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Narcotics Anonymous (NA), and alternative self-help groups. Prerequisite: PSY 100 and 202.

PSY 294 Substance Abuse Counseling: Counseling Techniques 4 SH
The topic of this course will be counseling substance abusers. The theories and techniques of the major schools of individual and group counseling and psychotherapy with substance abusers will be studied. Empirical research comparing the effectiveness of these schools of counseling and psychotherapy will be evaluated. The counselor's role in supporting the 12-step fellowships of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA), and in preventing and managing relapse will be considered. Counseling issues with women, ethnic minorities, adolescents and children, and HIV/AIDS patients will be evaluated. Students will demonstrate an understanding of how to implement treatment plans in individual and group counseling. Prerequisite: PSY 100 and 202.

PSY 295 Substance Abuse Counseling: Applied Counseling 3 SH
The focus of this course will be counseling techniques with substance abusers. Techniques endorsed by divergent schools of counseling and psychotherapy will be emphasized. Methods for engaging uncooperative and resistant clients will be reviewed. The application of these techniques in counseling couples will be studied. Counseling issues related to gender, ethnicity, and age groups will be examined. Relapse will be examined from the viewpoint of a Stages of change model, and interventions appropriate to specific stages of change will be evaluated. This course will have a practicum component of 10 hours per week in addition to two hours of classroom instruction. Prerequisite: PSY 292, 293, or 294. Registration requires departmental permission.

PSY 298 Faculty Developed Study 1-6 SH

PSY 299 Student Developed Study 1-6 SH

PSY 312 Advanced Development Psychology 3 SH
Includes theories, methods of research, and study of original and significant literature in selected areas of human development. Prerequisite: PSY 225; two of the following courses: PSY 210, 211, 222, EPY 201, EPY 203; plus three additional hours of psychology courses. Alternate spring semesters. Course requires registration permission from the department.

PSY 315 Advanced Personality - Social Psychology 3 SH
An upper-level course which allows the student to study in greater depth the general areas of personality and social psychology. Emphasis will be on reviewing the most recent research in these fields. Prerequisite: PSY 225, 215, 205, plus 3 additional hours in psychology. Alternate spring semesters. Course requires registration permission from the department.

PSY 325 Advanced Experimental Psychology 3 SH
This course emphasizes selected theories, methods of research, and important literature in the area of general experimental psychology. Students will benefit from hands-on experience conducting classic experiments in perception, learning, and cognition, and analyzing their data using techniques that are more common in experimental psychology than in other areas of psychology. Each student will also design and carry out an original experiment or a literature review of a topic in experimental psychology, and submit an APA-style report. Prerequisite: PSY 225; 2 of the following 7 courses: PSY 220, 230, 236, 245, 250, 251, 252; 3 additional hours in psychology. Course registration requires departmental permission.

PSY 339 Community Psychology 4 SH
A course dealing with ways the psychologist works in the community to promote constructive changes in areas such as abuse, drug abuse, alcoholism, aging and community mental health. In addition to attending regularly scheduled classes, students will be required to work in a community agency an average of five hours each week. Agencies include mental health clinics, crisis intervention centers, schools and related social service settings. Students will be required to complete a term paper that reviews literature or a topic selected by the instructor. Prerequisite: PSY 225 and one additional course from the following: PSY 202, 203, 205. Every semester. Course requires registration permission from the department.

PSY 350 Research Seminar in Psychology 3 SH
An upper-level psychology course in which students will explore advanced topics in psychology and will be expected to design, execute and analyze their own empirical study and submit an APA-style report. Prerequisite: PSY 225 plus 3 additional courses in psychology. Every year. Course requires registration permission from the department.

PSY 360 Independent Study in Psychology 3 SH
The student will do an approved original research project related to his/her field of interest under the supervision of a faculty member. The semester's findings will be summarized in a formal paper. Prerequisite: PSY 225, plus at least nine additional hours of psychology courses; minimum GPA of 3.0 and grade no lower than a "C" in PSY 201, 204 and 225. Students must receive the permission of the department prior to registering for this course. Every semester.


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