Meteorology

MTR 150 Meteorology 4 SH
A general introduction to meteorology. Topics to be discussed include the physical causes behind atmospheric vertical structure, atmospheric motion, atmospheric stability and cloud formation, warm and cold precipitation, large-scale high and low pressure systems, planetary jet streams, the global circulation, air masses and fronts, midlatitude cyclone structure and evolution, thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes with an introduction to physical and regional climatology. Prerequisite: MAT 100 or equivalent. (3 hrs lecture—2 hrs laboratory) General Education: Lab Science.

MTR/ENV 162 Air Pollution Sources 4 SH
This course introduces science, non-science and business students to the various sources of air pollution—natural and man-made. Methods of measuring and monitoring air quality as well as definitions of air quality standards are also presented. The means of controlling air pollution and the various engineering and governmental regulations related to this pollution are investigated. In addition, special emphasis is placed on climate variability due to the changing composition of the minor constituents of the atmosphere. (3 hrs lecture—2 hrs laboratory) General Education: Lab Science.

MTR 175 Introduction to Analytical Meteorology 4 SH
This course introduces the basic mathematical techniques used in quantitatively solving elementary problems in meteorology. Interpretation of analytical and numerical solutions to fundamental problems in terms of the basic physical concepts introduced qualitatively in MTR 150 is emphasized, and will provide a basis for more advanced analysis and problem solving required in MTR 310 and MTR 311. Pre/Corequisite: MTR 150 and MAT 133 or equivalent. (3 hrs lecture—2 hrs laboratory)

MTR 220 Air Pollution Meteorology 4 SH
This course examines the factors which contribute to the build-up of atmospheric pollution. The student receives an introduction to the over-all air pollution problem and then a concentrated study of atmospheric diffusion and transport. Specific applications are made to the physical modeling of pollution from highways and industrial sources. Environmental impact statements are evaluated. Prerequisite: MTR 175 or one semester of physics or CHE 110. (3 hrs lecture — 2 hrs laboratory)

MTR 230, 231 Weather Analysis and Forecasting I & II–– 4 SH each
The two-semester course is intended for students who have a basic understanding of meteorology and would like to apply that understanding to practical forecasting problems. Weather systems are analyzed, prediction techniques are studied and forecasts are prepared on a routine basis. WCSU’s Meteorological Studies and Weather Center will be utilized to receive worldwide data for the preparation of forecasts. The forecasting problem will be studied from the development of clouds to the formation of storms and the evolution of precipitation. Prerequisite: For MTR 230: MAT 181 or MAT 171, and MAT 182. Pre/Corequisite: MTR 175 or permission of instructor (3 hrs. lecture – 2 hrs. laboratory). For MTR 231: MTR 230. (3 hrs lecture — 2 hrs laboratory)

MTR 240 Climatology 3 SH
This is an introductory course in climatology. Topics include solar and terrestrial radiation, the general circulation, global and local forcings of temperature and precipitation patterns, air-sea interaction, climate classification schemes, global warming, and climate change. A survey of anomalous local climate patterns will be included. Daily weather discussions of global weather patterns utilizing real-time weather data in the WCSU Meteorological Studies and Weather Center will be used to reinforce course material. Pre/Corequisite: MTR 230. (3 hrs lecture)

MTR 298 Faculty Developed Study 3 SH

MTR 299 Student Developed Study 3 SH

MTR 310 Atmospheric Thermodynamics 3 SH
This course is the first part of a two semester sequence in theoretical meteorology. Topics to be discussed include moisture variables, thermodynamic diagrams, atmospheric stability, the equation of state for a mixture of gases, the first and second laws of thermodynamics applied to atmospheric motions, adiabatic and diabatic processes for dry and moist air, phase changes of water, atmospheric statics, and vertical acceleration. Pre/Corequisite: MAT 281, MTR 175, PHY 110. (3 hrs lecture)

MTR 311 Atmospheric Dynamics 3 SH
This course is the second part of a two semester sequence in theoretical meteorology. Topics to be discussed include meteorological applications of fluid kinematics and dynamics, divergence, vorticity, equations of motion on the rotating earth, scale analysis, geostrophic, gradient, and thermal winds, ageostrophy, vorticity and potential vorticity (PV) equations, dynamics of synoptic-scale motions, quasigeostrophic (QG) theory, atmospheric waves and instabilities. Pre/Corequisite: MTR 310, PHY 111. (3 hrs lecture)

MTR 315 Atmospheric Physics 3 SH
This course concentrates on the physical processes responsible for the present day observed composition and vertical structure of the atmosphere, the microphysics of warm and cold clouds and their associated precipitation, the physics of charge generation and separation within clouds, as well as radiative transfer through clear and cloudy atmospheres. A basic background in general physics is required. Prerequisite: PHY 111. Pre/Corequisite: MTR 311. (3 hrs lecture)

MTR 320 Remote Sensing andInstrumentation 4 SH
This course is an introduction to advanced surface and space based meteorological and oceanographic observation systems. Modern day concepts and techniques currently employed to collect, study, analyze, and interpret data on the atmosphere and oceans are used. Interpretation of Doppler radar and polar or geosynchronous orbiting satellite-derived imagery will be studied in addition to more traditional meteorological measurements and their analysis obtained by fundamental instruments. Pre/Corequisite: MAT 182, PHY 111. (3 hrs lecture—2 hrs laboratory)

MTR 330, 331 Operational Forecasting & Weathercasting I & II –– 4 SH each
This two-semester lab/practicum will introduce students to the daily operations of a weather consulting and forecast center. Students will be assigned day or evening shifts in WCSU’s Meteorological Studies and Weather Center where they will forecast, service client needs, and perform duties normally required of meteorologists working in either public or private operational forecasting centers. Lab work will include instruction in local, regional, national, and international forecasting techniques, use of operational weather prediction models, and interpretation of radar and satellite imagery. Practicum work may include radio and television weathercasting for campus media outlets, data entry and analysis, issuing severe weather statements, preparation of weather graphics and material for newspapers and the general public. Pre/Corequisite: for MTR 330: MTR 231 and MTR 311; for MTR 331: MTR 330. (4 hrs laboratory—6-8 hrs practicum)

MTR 340 Mesoscale Meteorology 3 SH
This course is a qualitative and semi-quantitative introduction to mesoscale (regional scale) meteorology. Topics to be discussed include mesoscale waves, multicell and supercell thunderstorms, squall lines, mesoscale convective systems and complexes, mesoscale fronts and jets, and severe weather outbreaks. Pre/Corequisite: MTR 311. (3 hrs lecture)

MTR/PHY 360 Physics of Fluids 3 SH
This course is an introduction to the physics of fluids and the dynamics of fluid flows. It provides a fundamental basis for understanding more advanced fluid dynamics topics and processes addressed in later courses (e.g. AST 405, MTR 420/421). Topics to be addressed include pipe and channel flow, flow past a circular cylinder, convection between parallel plates, equations of fluid motion, fluid flow dynamics, low and high Reynolds number flows, inviscid flow, boundary layers, wakes and jets, convection, stratified and rotating flows, and hydrodynamical instabilities. Introductory applications will be made to a variety of fluid flow problems in geophysics and astrophysics. Pre/Corequisite: MAT 281 and MAT 282 and PHY 111. (3 hrs lecture)

MTR 370 Internship in Meteorology 4 SH
This course offers students the opportunity to engage in a full or part-time non-academic, departmentally approved, internship experience for pre-determined period of time. Junior standing in meteorology is a minimum requirement. It is recommended that students complete MTR 230 (MTR 231 is preferred) before enrolling in MTR 370. Students will be required to (i) obtain a MTR program faculty mentor and internship sponsor, and submit a detailed written proposal prior to undertaking the internship, (ii) attend regular weekly meetings with their MTR program mentor (which may include meeting with other MTR program faculty and their interns), (iii) attend a monthly meeting with the MTR program internship coordinator, and (iv) write a term paper and give oral presentation/seminar focusing on the scientific aspects of meteorology as outlined in the internship proposal and successfully demonstrate these aspects as applied to their internship experience. Compensation need not necessarily be provided by sponsoring agency. One SH credit will be granted per 50 internship hours. The course will be offered every semester. Prerequisite: MTR 311 and an overall 2.0 or higher; GPA 2.33 or higher in both MTR 310 and MTR 311.

MTR 420, 421 Geophysical Hydrodynamics I & II –– 3 SH each
This two-semester course is devoted to the exploration of geophysical fluid systems. A study is made of large-scale atmospheric and oceanic motion and the role of thermodynamics in the development of motion. Topics include geostrophic and nongeostrophic flows, effects of bottom topography, atmospheric and oceanic Ekman layers, linear barotropic waves, barotropic instability, large-scale ocean circulation, the general circulation of the atmosphere, effects of density stratification, internal waves, upwelling, planetary waves, baroclinic instability, fronts, jets, and vortices and geostrophic turbulence. Pre/Corequisite: for MTR 420: MAT 281, MAT 282, MTR 311, PHY 111, or permission of the instructor; for MTR 421: MTR 420. (3 hrs lecture)

MTR 450 Senior Research in Meteorology 4 SH
Open only to senior meteorology majors, this course will consist of the student collaborating closely with meteorology faculty on an individual research project of mutual interest. Emphasis will be placed on introducing the student to meteorological research, peer-reviewed journals, current research methods and topics, data analysis and interpretation, and effective communication of project results. Numerical weather prediction models, meteorological instruments, computers, and other facilities of the WCSU Meteorological Studies and Weather Center can be used by students in carrying out their research projects. Both written (research paper) and oral defense of the research is required. Every semester. Pre/Corequisite: MTR 311.

MTR 490 Advanced Topics in Meteorology 4 SH
Course content will vary depending on interest of instructor and students and will cover all aspects of meteorology and atmospheric science not normally addressed in 200-level or 300 level courses. Topics may come from such diverse areas as microscale meteorology, electrodynamics of clouds and storms, numerical weather prediction, mesoscale modeling, boundary layer turbulence, atmospheric chemistry, air-sea interaction, coupled atmosphere-ocean models, middle atmospheric dynamics, aeronomy, or solar-terrestrial interactions. Pre/Corequisite: MTR 311 and MTR 315, or permission of the instructor.


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